Computer kya hai ?

Computer ka Invention kish ne kiya tha
Computer ka Invention kish ne kiya tha

Computer kya hai – What is Computer in Hindi?

Whais is the computer (What is Computer in Hindi)  or computer ki paribhasa ye dono sawal bahut hi sadarn hai jo har kisi ke man me ata hai, to ap shoch rahe honge ki aj phir kya ye topic jiske bareme hame pahale se hi sab kuch pata hai, Jara rukiye me apko aj ho batana chahta hu usme se sayad apko kuch pahle se pata ho par mera ye par mera maksad he ki apko puri computer ke bare me jankari di jana chiye. Muje pata hai ki apko computer busic jankari pata hai par kya apko ye pata he ki ye kaise kam karta hai, kisne ishse pahle banaya, kis – kis dor se hokar ye gujra hai. Aj jo computer ham ishtomal kar rahe hai iske piche kai Scientists ke salo ke mehanat ka natija hai aj me ap logo ko ish article me computer kise kahte hai iske mukhya ang kya hai or ye kam kaise karta hai ke dura ap logo ko ish ke bare me puri jankari dena chahata hu to phir deri kish bat ki chaliye suru karte hai  ke computer kya hai

Computer kya hai (What is Computer in Hindi)

Computer ek electronic device hai jise design kiya gaya hai Information ke sath kam karne ke liye ye sabd computer Latin ke sabd ‘computare’se liya gaya hai jiska arth hai Calculation karna ya Programmable Machine. Iska mukhya tor se tin kam hai jaise pahla data ko lena jise ham input vee kahte hai, dusara kam ush data ko processing karne ka hota hai or ush processed data ko dekhane ka kam karta hai jise output vee kahte hai. Computer ka Invention kisne kiya ? mad Modern computer ka janak CHARLES BABBAGE Ko kaha jata hai yese isliye kyu ki unhone hi sabse pahle mechanical computer ko design kiya tha jise analytical engine ke nam se vee jana jata hai isme punch card ki madat se data ko insert kiya jata tha. Computer ko ham ek yesa advanced electronical device kah sakte hai jo ki raw data ko input ke tor me user se leta hai phi rush data ko program ( set of instruction ) ke  through process karta hai or finally result ko output ke rup me prakasit karta hai ye dono numerical or non numerical  ( arithmetic and logical ) calculation ko process karta hai

What is the full form of computer?

Takniki rup se kaha jaye to computer kor fullform nahi hota phir vee computer ek kalpnik full from hai C – Commonly O – Operated , M – Machine , P – Particularly , U – Used  for  T – Technical and , E – Educational , R – Research

history of compute

Ish bat ki sahi tarh se praman nahi kiya ja sakta hai ki kab se computer ka development suru kiya gaya . lekin officially computer ki development ko generation ke mutabik classify kar diya hai ye mukhya tor se 5 hisse me bate huye hai.

First Generation (1940-1956) Vacuum Tubes

Sabse pahle generation ke computer vaccum tubes ke ciruiltry or magnetic drum ko memory ke liye ishtomal karte the ye sizw me kaphi bade – bade hua karte the inko chalane me kaphi sakti ka istomal hota tha . jyada bada hone ke karan ishme heat ki vee bahut samsya thi jishse ye kai bar malfunction vee hota tha inme machine language ka istomal hota tha. Example ke tor pe UNIVAC and ENIAC computers.

  1. Vacuum tube technology Ka ishtomal huwa tha .
  2. unbelievable, output hamesha galat aya karta tha.
  3. Ya kebal  machine language ko  support karta tha.
  4. ya  computer bahut costly tha.
  5. Bahut jaldi garam ho jata tha.
  6. Processing kaphi slow or dhima tha.
  7. Iska size (size) kaphi bada tha.
  8. Ish machine ko tanda rakhne ke liye AC ka ishtomal kiya jata tha.
  9. Portable nani tha kisi vee ek sthan se dusare isthan pe badalna muskil tha.
  10. Bahut jyda electricity ka ishtomal hota tha.

Ush pidi ke kuch computer ke nam

  1. ENIAC
  2. EDVAC
  3. UNIVAC
  4. IBM-701
  5. IBM-650

 Second Generation (1956-1963) Transistors

Ish grneration ke computers me transistors ne vaccum tubes ki jagah le li transistor bahut hi kam jagah lete the chote the, faster the , saste the or jyada energy efficient the, ye pahle generation ke computer ki tulana me kam heat gerarate karte the lekin phir vee ishme heat ki Problem avee vee thi. Inme  High Level programming Language jaise COBOL or FORTRAN ko ishtomal me laga gaya tha.

  1. Transistor ka upyog kiya gaya tha।
  2. first generation ke computer se jyada accurate the.
  3. Inki size pahle generation se chote ho gai thi.
  4. first generation computers ke mutabik inka Temperature kam hota tha।
  5. electricity ki bat kare to kam se kam istomal hoti thi agar first generation computers ke tulana kare to।
  6. Processing first generation se kaphi tej huwa karta tha.
  7. Ish doran me vee ye bahut costly tha.
  8. AC ki jarurat ishse vee parti thi, garam hone ke karan .
  9. low level language jaise ki machine and assembly languages ke istomal huwa tha।

Ush pidi ke kuch computer ke nam

  1. IBM 1620
  2. IBM 7094
  3. CDC 1604
  4. CDC 3600
  5. UNIVAC 1108

 Third Generation (1964-1971) Integrated Circuits

Ish genetation ke computer me pahli bar integrated ciruit ka ishtomal kiya gaya tha. Jisme transistors ko chote – chote kar silicon chip ke ander dala jata tha jise semi conductor kaha jata hai ishse ye phaida huwa ki computer ki processing karne ki Ability kaphi had tak bad gai thi. Pahli bar ish generation ke computers ko jyad user friendly banana ke liye monitors, keybords or operating system ka ishtomal kiya gaya ish pahali bar market me launch kiya gaya

  1. khas Integrated Circuit ka ishtomal huwa tha.
  2. jyada accurate or  Inauspicious the.
  3. Akar me chote the pahle dono pidi se.
  4. Kam Temperature Generated karte the ish pidike kecomputer
  5. Faster huwa karte the.
  6. Kam rakhrakhwa requirement the.
  7. Pido ke computer mahge the.
  8. AC ki requirement ish generation me vee thi garam hone se rokne ke liye.
  9. Electricity ki  Consumption kam hoti thi।
  10. High level language ka upayog huwa tha.

Ush pidi ke kuch Computer ke nam

  1. IBM-360 series
  2. Honeywell-6000 series
  3. PDP (Personal Data Processor)
  4. IBM-370/168
  5. TDC-316

Fourth Generation (1971-Present) Microprocessors

Ish generation ki ye khasiyat hai ki ishke microprocessor ka ishtomal kiya gaya jisse hajaro intergrated ciruit ko ek hi silinon chip me embedded kiya gaya, microprocessor ke ishtomal se computer ki efficiency or vee bad gai ye bahut hi kam samay me bade- bade calculation kar pa raha tha

  1. VERY LARGE SCALE INTEGRATION (VLSI)  technology ka upyog huwa tha.
  2. Ish pidi ke computer saste ho chukka tha.
  3. Portable orReliable hone ka karan inki DEMAND market me jyada huwa karti thi.
  4. Personal computer ka dor tha.
  5. Inke akar pahle dusare akar pahle ,dusare , tisare generation computer se chote the.
  6. Pahli bar pipelining ka upyog.
  7. Koi vee AC ki requirement nahi thi.
  8. Pahli bar computer me internet ka ishtomal huwa tha.
  9. Networks me teji se badlawat aya tha.
  10. Koi vee asani se kahi se in computer ko kharit sakta tha , aj kal jaise kharit karte hai

Ush pidi ke kuch computer ke nam

  1. DEC 10
  2. STAR 1000
  3. PDP 11
  4. CRAY-1(Super Computer)
  5. CRAY-X-MP(Super Computer)

Fifth Generation (Present and Beyond) Artificial Intelligence

Ye generation aj ke dork a hai jaha ki artificial intelligence ne apna Suppression kayam kar liya hai ab new technology jaise speech recognition, parallel processing, Quantum calculation jaise kai ishtomal me ane lage hai ye ek yesa genetation hai jaha ki computer ki artificial intelligence hone ke karan Self decision lene ki avility ah chukka hai dire – dire ishke sare kam automated ho jayenge

  1. artificial intelligence ko or majbut banaya ja rah hai.
  2. Natural language processing ke concept pe sare kam ho raha hai.
  3. Parallel Processing yani Multi Processor ko or vee kiya ja raha hai.
  1. Superconductor technology ko or  Advanced banaya jar aha hai.
  2. user-friendly interfaces ke sath – sath multimedia features ko jyada se jyada Importance diya ja raha hai.
  1. Voice Search, Image Recognition, deep learning, machine learning ki bajah se ye fifth generation computer ko history ka sabse alag hai.

Fifth generation pidi ke kuch computer ke nam

  1. Desktop
  2. Laptop
  3. NoteBook
  4. UltraBook
  5. ChromeBook

Computer ka Invention kish ne kiya tha

Modern computer ka janak kise kaha jata hai ? yese to bahut se logo ne ish computing field me apna Contribution diya hai. lekin ish sab se jyada contribution CHARLES BABAGE ne diya hai kyuki unhone hi sabse pahle analytical engine 1837 me nikala tha. Unke ish engine me ALU, Baise Flow control Or integrated memory ki concept lagu ki gai thi ishi model pe hi case karke ajkal ke computer ko gesign kiya gaya. Ishi karan unka contribution sabse jyada hai tabhi unko computer ke janak ke nam se vee jana jata hai.

Computer ki paribhasa

Kisi vee modern digital computer ke kai components hai lekin un me se kuch bahut hi Important hai jaise input deveice, output device, CPU (central processing Unit ) Mass storge device or memory

Four Functions about computer are:

  • accepts data                        Input
  • processes data                    Processing
  • produces output                 Output
  • stores results                     Storage

 Computer kaise Work karta hai

Input : ( data ) input we step hai jisme ki Raw information ko input device ishtomal karke computer me dala jata hai ye kai letter pictcher ya kai vedio vee ho sakta hai. Process: Process ke doran input huye data ko instruction ke anusar processing ki jati hai ye puri tarh se  Internal program hai.

Output : output ke doran jo data pahle se process ho chuki hai ushko result ke tor me show kiya jata hai or yadi ham chaye to ish result ko save kar ke memory me rakh vee sakte hai future ke ishtomal ke liye

Computer ke mul unito ka nam : Computer ke mukhya bhag yadi apne kabhi kishi computer case ke bhitar dekha hoga to apne ye jarur paya hoga ki onder chote – chote kai components hote hai wo bahut hi jyada components bare me kuch jankai dunga

Motherboard : Kisi vee computer ka muchya circuit board ke motherboard kaha jata hai. ye ek patli plat ki tarh dikhta hai par ye bahut si chijo ki darn kiya huye hota hai jaise CPU , Memory , connectors hard drive or Optical  drive ke liye expansion card video or audio ko control karne ke liye ishke sath – sath computer ke sabhi ports ke connection dekha jaye to motherboard computer ke sare pats ke sath derectly ya in directly juda huwa hota hai

CPU/Processor : Kya ap jante hai central processing unit yani CPU kya hai ? ishko vee kaha jata hai ye computer case ke onder motherboard me paya jata hai ishe computer ka brain vee kaha jata hai ye kisi computer ke bhitar hi rahe sare gatibidiyo ke upper najar rakhe huye hota hai jitni jyata ek processor ki speed hogi utni hi jaldi ye processing kar payega

RAM : Ram ko ham haddom acess memory ke nam se vee jante hai. ye system ka short term memoery hota hai. jab vee kabhi computer kuch calculation karta hai tab ye temprorarily ush result ko Ram me save kar deta hai. ager computer band ho jaye to ye data vee sleeping jata hai  yadi ham koi document lekh rahe ho tab ushe nast hone se bachane ke liye hame bich – bich me apne data ko save karna chiye save karne se date hard drive me save ho to ye long time tak save rah sakti hai. RAM ko megabytes (MB) Or gigabytes (GB ) me mapa jata hae jitna jyada RAM hoga utna hamre liye acha hai,

Hard Drive : Hard Drive wo component hai jaha software, documents or dusre  file ko save kiya jata hai.ishme data lambe samay tak store hokar rahta hai.

Power Supply Unit : Power supply unit ka kam hota hai ki main power supply se power lekar ushe jarurat ke anusar dusare components me supply karna

Expansion Card : Sabhi computers ke expansion slots hote hai jisshe ki ham future me kor expansion card ko add kar sake inhe PCI ( Peripheral Components Interconnect ) cart vee kaha jata hai lekin aj kal ke motherboard me built in hi kai slots pahle se hote hai kuch expansion card ke nam jo ham purine compuers ko update karne ke liye ishtomal kar sakte hai.

  • Video Card
  • Sound card
  • Network Card
  • Bluetooth Card (Adapter)

Notes – yadi ap kabi vee computer  ke bhitar chijo ko khol rahe hai  tab apko sabse pahle mukhya socket se plug ko nikalna chaiye.

Computer hardware or software

Computer hardware ko ham koi yesi physical device kah sakte hai jise ham apne computer me ishtomal karte hai wahi computer software ka matlab hai codes ka collection jise ham apne Machine ke Hard Drive me install karte hai hardware ko chlne ke liye. Example ke tor pe computer monitor jo ham padne ke liye ishtomal karte hai, Mouse jise ham Navigate karne ke liye ishtomal karte hai ye sab computer hardware hai, wahi internet Browser jisse ham website visit karte hai or operatintg system jisme ki wo internet Browser run hota hai yesi chijo ko ham software kahte hai.Ham ye kah sakte hai ki ek computer software or hardware ka Compilation hai dono ki saman bhumikaye hai dono sath milkar hi koi kam kar sakte hai. Click here

Computer ke prakar (Types of Computer in Hindi)

Jab vee ham kabhi computer sabd ka ishtomal sunte hai tab hamare man me bash pernonal computer ka hi picture ata hai me ap logo ko bata du ki computers bahut sare prakar ke hote hai, shapes or size ke ate hai jarurte ke anusar ham inka ishtomal karte hai jaise ATM paise nikalne ke liye scanner kisi carcode ko scane karne ke liye calculator kisi badi calculation karne ke liye ye sare different types ke computer hai

Desktop : Bahut se logo desktop computer ka ishtomal apne gharo school or pane personal kam ke liye karte hai inka design kuch ish prakar se hote hai ki inhe ham apne desk par rakh sake inke bahut sare aprts hote hai jaise monitor ,Keyboard , Mouse , case

Laptop : Laptop ke bare me ap to jante hi honge jo battery powered hote hai ye bahut hi jyada portable hote hai jisse inhe kahi vee or kabhi  vee or kabhi vee le jaya ja sakta hai

Tablet : Ab bat karte hai tablet ki jise ham handheld computer vee kahte hai kyoki ishe badi asani se hato me pakada ja sakte hai

Ishme keyboard or mouse nahi hote bas ek touch sensitive skin hota hai jise typing or navigation ke liye ishtomal kiya jata hai , example – iPAD

Servers : Server kuch ishprakar ka computer hai jise ham information ke adan pradan ke liye ishtomal karte hai example ke tor pe jab vee ham koi chij internet me khojte hai wo sari chije server me hi store hoti hai

कंप्यूटर का उपयोग (Application of Computer)

Computer ka upyog kaha – kaha hota hai ? jane to computer ka ishtomal ham apne jiban me har jagah karte ah rahe hai or karte rahenge ye hamara ek ang sa ban gaya hai maine ishke kuch ishtomal ko apki jankari ke liye niche likhi hui hai. Education ke Area me computer ka upyog  education me inka sabse bada hat hai, ager koe studend ko kisi chij ke bare me jankari chahiye tab ushe kuch minet me hi ye jankari upalabd ho jati hai isski madt se research se pata chala hai ki computer ki madat se kisi vee student ki learning performance mm kaphi badotri hui hai ajkal ko ghar baite online classes ki madat se padai ki ja sakti hai

Health and Medicine: Health

 or medicen ke liye ek bardan hai ishki madat se ajkal pesent ka ilaj hi asani se ho jata hai ajkal sabhi chijo digital ho gayi hai jisse badi asani se rog ke bare me patta chal jata hai or ush hisab se uska ilaj vee possible hai ishse operation vee asan ban gaye hai.Business me ishka bahut bada hath hai productivity or competitiveness ko badane ke liye iska ishtomal mukhya tor se marketing , retailing , banking, stock trading me hota hai. yah sabhi chijo digital honeke karan ishki processing badi hi fast ho gaya hai or ajkal cashless transaction pe jyada importance diya ja raha hai Click here

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