CPU (Central Processing Unit) kya hai or Components of CPU

  1. CPU KYA HAI PURI JANKARI HINDI ME
  2. COMPONENTS OF CPU KYA HAI PURI JANKARI

Hello dosto aplog kaise hai. ummit karta hu ki aplog sab tik hunge aj ke post me bat karenge CPU  ke bareme dosto  kya apko pata hai CPU kya hai ( central processing unit ) or ishke alag – alag Basic Components of CPU kya hai. ye dono aj ke  post me janenge ishke sath ap ko bataunga Functions or ye kitne prakar ke hote hai. or CPU kaise kam karta hai. ishke puri Jan kahani ye post me apko milegi ager apko CPU ke work step by step janna hai. to bane raye yesh post me chaliye aiye suru karte .

 Ap ham jante hai CPU ek computer ke brain vee kaha jata hai. friends me ek example dena chata hu Jahir shi bat hai ap ek person hai to apka brain ke help se hi ap apne sarir ke alg alg ango ya alag – alag prakar ke work karte hai. jisme ap kisi job me honge to apka duty ke time apko yad hona chaiye sahi time me duty jana or sahi duty dena ye sara apke brain ke help se ap work karte hai or din ke lunch karna kisi ko order dena  decision lena , ye sare work apshe apka brain hi karwata hai. ek bar sochiye apka brain 24 hrs pake liye chalu rata hai. ishi tarh computer ke onder vee ek isha component hai jo ki sare work karwata hai. or control vee karta hai jiska nam hai CPU ( Central processing Unit )

waise to yah Mobile( Quad Core, Snap dragon, octa core processor), laptop(i3, i4, i7) or Tablet (AMD, Intel Atom) me vee rahta hai jiske Processor kahte hai

CPU kya hai (CPU hindi Me)

CPU kya hai (CPU hindi Me)

CPU ka pura nam hai “Central Processing Unit” ishke dusre nam vee hai jaise  Microprocessor, Processor or Central Processor. CPU ko Computer ka brain kaha jata hai.kyoki Computer ke onder hone wale sare Arithmetic Calculation or  Logical Operation Central Processing Unit hi karwat hai. processors ke upper 10000 se vee jyada Transistor hote hai jinka kam  instruction ko process karna hota hai.

EXAMPLE- intel Dual core, intel CORE 2 DUA, I3, I5, I7, INTEL PENTIUM, ATOM, AMD.

ishe Computer ka pramukh ang kaha jata hai. kyoki yah Input device, Software, application or hardware se aane wale sare  Instruction ko execute karata hai.ishka nam Central Processing Unit ishiliye hai. kyoki sare Input, Output or Software se aane wale  instruction ko fetch karta hai uske bat Instruction ko Decode karta hai. decode karne ke bat instruction ko execute karta hai. last me  output print karta hai or result ko Memory me store karta hai. in sabhi work ko Processing karte hai. kul milake PROCESSOR do tarh ke Operations ko Perform karta hai. ek to Arithmatic Operation or dusara hai Logical Operation. In dono operations ke liye “ALU” or Contol karne ke liye “CU” nam ke do Component rahte hai.

CPU Ke Karya

  1. CPU Computer ke sabhi work ko Control karta hai
  2. Computer se praptInformation ko Process karta hai
  3. yah Input ko Process karke Output me result deta hai
  4. Computer ki sari Processing CPU me hi hoti hai

COMPONENTS OF CPU

Mukya rup se CPU ke do hi component hai. ALU or CU. ALU ka pura nam hai  Arithmatic & Logic Unit. CU ka pura nam hai Control Unit. ALU, Arithmatical or  Logical Operation ko Perform karta hai. CU,Contol Signal Generate karta hai. chaliye dono ke bareme janinge .

ALU (Arithmetic Logic Unit

Ish wajh se ALU=AU+LU vee kaha jata hai.ye dono unit alag – alag prakar ke  operations karte hai. jaise ki Computer me hone wale Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication or Operations ko Arithmatic unit karwata hai or wahi dusare Operations jaise Comparision  (less than, grater than, less than equal to, grater than equal to, eqaul to eqaul to, not eqaul to ) or Logical AND, Logical OR (||), Logical Not (!), XOR, XNOR, NAND, NOR ye ye sabhi Operations ko Logical Unit Perform karta hai ye Number , letter or special character ke bich Comparision karata hai.

ALU ko computer ke ushi jagah pe rakha jata  hai. jaha computer ke sare  instruction execute hote hai or process hote  hai. Instruction or Data process hone se pahle Primary memory me store kiya jate hai, processing ke dauran sare  instruction ALU me Load kiya jata hai. Arithmetic or Logical Operations Perform karne ke liye ALU data ko Temporary memory se leke aata hai.jishe registers kahte hai. Registers ka ishtemal Memory Addressing, data manipulation or Processing ke liye kiya jata hai.

ALU ko jo  Instruction milta hai whi  ALU ke liye  Input hai. har ek  Instruction me Opcode, Operand or Instruction format samil rahta hai. Opcode, ALU ko yah batata hai ki kish tar ka Operation karna hai. Operand unhe kahte hai jinke upper Operation hone wale hai. instruction Format yah batata hai ki  Computer Instruction kishi tarike se likhna hai. instruction Format me Operand Address, Opcode or Addressing Mode jisme in tino koformat ya arrange kiya jata hai. niche ek example diya gaya hai. Processing hone ke bad Output result ko registers me Store  kiya jata hai. apke liye thoda or ashan banate hai.

EX- MOV, LDA, ADD, SUB, INR, DCR, MVI, LXI, MVI ye sare Opcode ALU ko yah batate hai ki kish tarh ka Operation karna hai.jaise kuch gine chune opcode ki jankari di gai hai. MOV- yah opcode data ko Source Register se Destination Register par move karta hai.

Ishe vee jarur pade

  1. Computer kya hai  whai is computer in hindi ?
  2. Computer hardware kya hai or kitne prakar hai ?
  3. ROM Kya hai or kitne prakar hai ?
  4. What is the input of computer ?

INSTRUCTION FORMAT= MOV A, B.

Ishme  MOV OPCODE hai or  A, B Operand hai. MOV OPERATION ,A Register ke data ko B, Register me Move karta hai. abto samj gaye honge ki  MOV opcode hi ALU ko suchit karta hai ki kish tarh ka operation karna hai. kuch or vee  OPCODE hai jaise ADD- Addition jod karne ke liye hai, SUB- SUBTRACTION ke liye, LDA-LOAD TO ACCUMULATOR matlab ek memory ke Content ko Accumulator nam ke Register me Store karta hai.apke man me koi sawal hai to jarur puche , chaliye ab Control Unit kya hai ishke bareme jan lete ishke sath niche ek Assembly Language Program hai.

Do number ko jodne liye Assembly Language Program:

  • ORG 100 /Origin of program is location 100
  • LDA A /Load operand from location A
  • ADD B /Add operation form location B
  • STA C /Store sum in location C
  • HLT /Halt computer
  • A, DEC 83 /Decimal operand
  • B, DEC –2 /Decimal operand
  • C, DEC 0 /Sum stored in location C,END
  • CU (Control Unit)

Ishke nam se hi pata chal raha hai ki yah CPU me hone wale Operations or  Data Flow ko control karta hai. yh CPU ke Components jaise ALU or dusare Devices jaise Input, Output, Memory Unit ko control signal bhejta hai. yh Unit, memory se instruction ko fetch karta hai, decode karta hai, execute result ko wapash memory me store karta hai. decode karne ke bat CU jish unit ke liye signal Aaya hai ushiko  signal bhej deta hai. jaise ager kuch ARITHMATIC Operations karna ho to AU ko signal bhejta hai or ager Logical operation karna ho to  LU ko signal bhejta hai.

CPU KE FUNCTION

CPU KE FUNCTION

CPU KE FUNCTION

CU kuch dusre  registers ka ishtomal karta hai jaise  Program Counter, Instruction Register, Status register, Memory Address Registers, Memory Data Registers. Program Counter whi instruction Store karta hai jish instruction ko CU fetch karne ke bat  execute karega. status register status batata hai. CPU Fetch, Decode, Execute or  store yhi 4 operation karta hai. ishme se Decoding ke douran jo vee instruction mila hai, Un instruction ko processing ke dauran ye 4 Function Perform karta hai.

FETCH

Fetch Operations ke douran instruction ko Memory address se fetch kar ke ushe Instruction register me store kiya jata hai. ek or  register me instruction ke address ko store kiya jata hai jiska nam hai program counter. Jab ek  instruction fetch ho jata hai tab program counter ko update kya jata hai.jishe se CPU ko ye pata lagta hai ki agala instruction kon se address me  hai or ushe kaha se fetch karna hai.

DECODE

DECODE Functions me jo Instruction, Instruction Register se milta hai ush Instructions ko Assembly Instruction me translate kiya jata hai.ishke bad  Assembly Code ko phir se  decode karke Binary Instruction  me Translate kiya jata hai. ab binary Instruction ko  CPU Aasani se  Execute kar sakta hai. ish prakiya ko Decoding kahte hai.

EXECUTE

yh CPU ka tisara Function hai AB Pata chal jata hai ki  ALU se kya kam karwana hai . Instruction ko  CPU me Execute karte wakt yh tin work hone hai.

  • ALU me kuch Calculations hote hai.
  • Data ko ek Memory Location se dusare Memory me move karna hota hai.
  • dusare Location me jump karna hota hai

STORE

Execute hone ke bad jo vee result nikalta hai yh jo output nikalta hai ush result ko wapash memory me store karne ki prakriya  ko strore function / store prakriya kahte hai. ab ap sikh gare central processing unit/ processor kya kya operation karta hai

Sabse achha CPU

  • Intel CoreTM i7 8700k Desktop processor  
  • Intel CoreTM i7 8700k Desktop processor
  • Intel CoreMT i5 8600
  • AMD Ryzen  5 1600
  • AMD Ryzen  5 . 2600x

My Final Opinion On this article

Aj ke ye generation me bina computer ki jankari se hum kuch vee nhi kar sakte ishke bare me hum ne ye topic k upper darsaya gaya hai aj kal ke school me vee class i ke bat sikaya jata hai. or class x me ek subject ip hota hai yh vee board exam par liya jata hai. or ishke bat hum xii me ip subject main subject hota hai. Aj ke generation me computer important hai. ishiliye me ne computer ke important part CPU kya hai or ALU , CU Function  Kaise kam karta hai. ager apko ye article helpful lage to share comment jarur kare .thanks for visiting in this blog https://tagifind.com

 

 

8 COMMENTS

  1. Alternately referred to as a processor, central processor, or microprocessor, the CPU (pronounced sea-pea-you) is the central processing unit of the computer.

  2. Bottom Line: For PC builders or upgraders seeking a moderate-price CPU for multitasking, playing games, and running common consumer applications, AMD’s …

  3. After reading your blog post, I browsed your website a bit and noticed you aren’t ranking nearly as well in Google as you could be. I possess a handful of blogs myself, and I think you should take a look at “seowebsitetrafficnettools”, just google it. You’ll find it’s a very lovely SEO tool that can bring you a lot more visitors and improve your ranking. They have more than 30+ tools only 20$. Very cheap right? Keep up the quality posts

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here